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Plea for Mercy at the Trial of Leopold and Loeb-Clarence Darrow
04-04-2014, 01:25 PM
Post: #1
Plea for Mercy at the Trial of Leopold and Loeb-Clarence Darrow
Clarence Darrow
A Plea for Mercy
delivered September 1924
Now, your Honor, I have spoken about the war. I believed in it. I don’t
know whether I was crazy or not. Sometimes I think perhaps I was. I
approved of it; I joined in the general cry of madness and despair. I
urged men to fight. I was safe because I was too old to go. I was like
the rest. What did they do? Right or wrong, justifiable or unjustifiable --
which I need not discuss today -- it changed the world. For four long
years the civilized world was engaged in killing men. Christian against
Christian, barbarian uniting with Christians to kill Christians; anything to
kill. It was taught in every school, aye in the Sunday schools. The little
children played at war. The toddling children on the street. Do you
suppose this world has ever been the same since? How long, your
Honor, will it take for the world to get back the humane emotions that
were slowly growing before the war? How long will it take the calloused
Clarence Darrow -- "A Plea for Mercy at the Tr... of 7
cdarrowpleaformercy.htm 2008-1-7
hearts of men before the scars of hatred and cruelty shall be removed?
We read of killing one hundred thousand men in a day. We read about it
and we rejoiced in it-if it was the other fellows who were killed. We were
fed on flesh and drank blood. Even down to the prattling babe. I need
not tell you how many upright, honorable young boys have come into
this court charged with murder, some saved and some sent to their
death, boys who fought in this war and learned to place a cheap value
on human life. You know it and I know it. These boys were brought up
in it. The tales of death were in their homes, their playgrounds, their
schools; they were in the newspapers that they read; it was a part of
the common frenzy-what was a life? It was nothing. It was the least
sacred thing in existence and these boys were trained to this cruelty.
It will take fifty years to wipe it out of the human heart, if ever. I know
this, that after the Civil War in 1865, crimes of this sort increased,
marvelously. No one needs to tell me that crime has no cause. It has as
definite a cause as any other disease, and I know that out of the hatred
and bitterness of the Civil War crime increased as America had never
seen before. I know that Europe is going through the same experience
to-day; I know it has followed every war; and I know it has influenced
these boys so that life was not the same to them as it would have been
if the world had not made red with blood. I protest against the crimes
and mistakes of society being visited upon them. All of us have a share
in it. I have mine. I cannot tell and I shall never know how many words
of mine might have given birth to cruelty in place of love and kindness
and charity.
Your Honor knows that in this very court crimes of violence have
increased growing out of the war. Not necessarily by those who fought
but by those that learned that blood was cheap, and human life was
cheap, and if the State could take it lightly why not the boy? There are
causes for this terrible crime. There are causes as I have said for
everything that happens in the world. War is a part of it; education is a
part of it; birth is a part of it; money is a part of it-all these conspired to
compass the destruction of these two poor boys.
Has the court any right to consider anything but these two boys? The
State says that your Honor has a right to consider the welfare of the
community, as you have. If the welfare of the community would be
benefited by taking these lives, well and good. I think it would work evil
that no one could measure. Has your Honor a right to consider the
families of these defendants? I have been sorry, and I am sorry for the
bereavement of Mr. And Mrs. Frank, for those broken ties that cannot be
healed. All I can hope and wish is that some good may come from it all.
But as compared with the families of Leopold and Loeb, the Franks are
to be envied-and everyone knows it.
I do not know how much salvage there is in these two boys. I hate to
say it in their presence, but what is there to look forward to? I do not
know but what your Honor would be merciful to them, but not merciful
to civilization, and not merciful if you tied a rope around their necks and
let them die; merciful to them, but not merciful to civilization, and not
merciful to those who would be left behind. To spend the balance of
their days in prison is mighty little to look forward to, if anything. Is it
anything? They may have the hope that as the years roll around they
might be released. I do not know. I do not know. I will be honest with
this court as I have tried to be from the beginning. I know that these

boys are not fit to be at large. I believe they will not be until they pass
through the next stage of life, at forty-five or fifty. Whether they will
then, I cannot tell. I am sure of this; that I will not be here to help
them. So far as I am concerned, it is over.
I would not tell this court that I do not hope that some time, when life
and age have changed their bodies, as they do, and have changed their
emotions, as they do-that they may once more return to life. I would be
the last person on earth to close the door of hope to any human being
that lives, and least of all to my clients. But what have they to look
forward to? Nothing. And I think here of the stanza of Housman:
Now hollow fires burn out to black,
And lights are fluttering low:
Square your shoulders, lift your pack
And leave your friends and go.
O never fear, lads, naught’s to dread,
Look not left nor right:
In all the endless road you tread
There’s nothing but the night.
I care not, your Honor, whether the march begins at the gallows or
when the gates of Joilet close upon them, there is nothing but the night,
and that is little for any human being to expect.
But there are others to consider. Here are these two families, who have
led honest lives, who will bear the name that they bear, and future
generations must carry it on.
Here it Leopold’s father-and this boy was the pride of his life. He
watched him, he cared for him, he worked for him; the boy was brilliant
and accomplished, he educated him, and he thought that fame and
position awaited him, as it should have awaited. It is a hard thing for a
father to see his life’s hopes crumble into dust.
Should he be considered? Should his brothers be considered? Will it do
society any good or make your life safer, or any human being’s life
safer, if it should be handled down from generation to generation, that
this boy, their kin, died upon the scaffold?
And Loeb’s the same. Here are the faithful uncle and brother, who have
watched here day by day, while Dickie’s father and his mother are too ill
to stand this terrific strain, and shall be waiting for a message which
means more to them than it can mean to you or me. Shall these be
taken into account in this general bereavement?
Have they any rights? Is there any reason, your Honor, why their proud
names and all the future generations that bear them shall have this bar
sinister written across them? How many boys and girls, how many
unborn children will feel it? It is bad enough as it is, God knows. It is
Clarence Darrow -- "A Plea for Mercy at the Tr... of 7
cdarrowpleaformercy.htm 2008-1-7
bad enough, however it is. But it’s not yet death on the scaffold. It’s not
that. And I ask your Honor, in addition to all that I have said to save
two honorable families from a disgrace that never ends, and which could
be of no avail to help any human being that lives.
Now, I must say a word more and then I will leave this with you where I
should have left it long ago. None of us are unmindful of the public;
courts are not, and juries are not. We placed our fate in the hands of a
trained court, thinking that he would be more mindful and considerate
than a jury. I cannot say how people feel. I have stood here for three
months as one might stand at the ocean trying to sweep back the tide. I
hope the seas are subsiding and the wind is falling, and I believe they
are, but I wish to make no false pretense to this court. The easy thing
and the popular thing to do is to hang my clients. I know it. Men and
women who do not think will applaud. The cruel and thoughtless will
approve. It will be easy to-day; but in Chicago, and reaching out over
the length and breadth of the land, more and more fathers and
mothers, the humane, the kind and the hopeful, who are gaining an
understanding and asking questions not only about these poor boys, but
about their own—these will join in no acclaim at the death of my clients.
These would ask that the shedding of blood be stopped, and that the
normal feelings of man resume their sway. And as the days and the
months and the years go on, they will ask it more and more. But, your
Honor, what they shall ask may not count. I know the easy way. I know
the future is with me, and what I stand for here; not merely for the lives
of these two unfortunate lads, but for all boys and all girls; for all of the
young, and as far as possible, for all of the old. I am pleading for life,
understanding, charity, kindness, and the infinite mercy that considers
all. I am pleading that we overcome cruelty with kindness and hatred
with love. I know the future is on my side. Your Honor stands between
the past and the future. You may hang these boys; you may hang them
by the neck until they are dead. But in doing it you will turn your face
toward the past. In doing it you are making it harder for every other
boy who in ignorance and darkness must grope his way through the
mazes which only childhood knows. In doing it you will make it harder
for unborn children. You may save them and make it easier for every
child that sometime may stand where these boys stand. You will make it
easier for every human being with an aspiration and a vision and a hope
and a fate. I am pleading for the future; I am pleading for a time when
hatred and cruelty will not control the hearts of men. When we can learn

by reason and judgment and understanding and faith that all life is
worth saving, and that mercy is the highest attribute of man.
I feel that I should apologize for the length of time I have taken. This
case may not be as important as I think it is, and I am sure I do not
need to tell this court, or to tell my friends that I would fight just as
hard for the poor as for the rich. If I should succeed, my greatest
reward and my greatest hope will be that for the countless unfortunates
who must tread the same road in blind childhood that these poor boys
have trod—that I have done something to help human understanding, to
temper justice with mercy, to overcome hate with love.
I was reading last night of the aspiration of the old Persian poet, Omar
Khayyam. It appealed to me as the highest that I can vision. I wish it
was in my heart, and I wish it was in the hearts of all.
So I be written in the Book of Love,
I do not care about that Book above.
Erase my name or write it as you will,
So I be written in the Book of Love.
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