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Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation-Franklin D. Roosevelt
04-04-2014, 01:59 PM
Post: #1
Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation-Franklin D. Roosevelt

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Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation
delivered December 8, 1941

Mr. Vice President, Mr. Speaker, Members of the Senate, and of the House of Representatives:
Yesterday, December 7th, 1941 a
date which will live in infamy the
United States of
America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of
The United States was at peace with that nation and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in
conversation with its government and its emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in
the Pacific.
Indeed, one hour after Japanese air squadrons had commenced bombing in the American
island of Oahu, the Japanese ambassador to the United States and his colleague delivered to
our Secretary of State a formal reply to a recent American message. And while this reply
stated that it seemed useless to continue the existing diplomatic negotiations, it contained no
threat or hint of war or of armed attack.
It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack
was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago. During the intervening time, the
Japanese government has deliberately sought to deceive the United States by false
statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.

The attack yesterday on the Hawaiian islands has caused severe damage to American naval
and military forces. I regret to tell you that very many American lives have been lost. In
addition, American ships have been reported torpedoed on the high seas between San
Francisco and Honolulu.
Yesterday, the Japanese government also launched an attack against Malaya.
Last night, Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong.
Last night, Japanese forces attacked Guam.
Last night, Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands.
Last night, the Japanese attacked Wake Island.
And this morning, the Japanese attacked Midway Island.
Japan has, therefore, undertaken a surprise offensive extending throughout the Pacific area.
The facts of yesterday and today speak for themselves. The people of the United States have
already formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety
of our nation.
As commander in chief of the Army and Navy, I have directed that all measures be taken for
our defense. But always will our whole nation remember the character of the onslaught
against us.
No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American
people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory.
I believe that I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will
not only defend ourselves to the uttermost, but will make it very certain that this form of
treachery shall never again endanger us.
Hostilities exist. There is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory, and our
interests are in grave danger.
With confidence in our armed forces, with the unbounding determination of our people, we will
gain the inevitable triumph so
help us God.
I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on
Sunday, December 7th, 1941, a state of war has existed between the United States and the
Japanese empire.
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